Governor Calvert House Artifacts: wine and tobacco


1727 wine seal
1769 seal
Seal from a wine bottle marked “A.S. 1727.”  Seals were placed on wine bottles by prominent members of society as a mark of their affluence, especially for when they would bring bottles over to the homes of their peers.

Merchant’s wine bottle seal marked “SPS, CCRH, 1769.”  Wine bottle seals made out of lead started to be used by merchants during the mid-18th century to mark bottles purchased from them.

4th Maryland Regiment wine seal
1734 seal

Wine bottle seal marked “I.C. 4 M.”  The “4 M” on the seal stands for the 4th Maryland Regiment during the Revolutionary War.

Seal from a wine bottle marked “O.R. 1734.”  This seal was most likely associated with the younger son of a Venetian nobleman, Onorio Razolini.  He arrived in Maryland about the same time as Lord Baltimore visited the province.  Razolini represented the Calvert family’s Maryland interests until he returned to Asolo, Italy in 1748.  He lived at the Calvert House during the 1730s and 1740s. (Paraphrased from Yentsch, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves A Study in Historical Archaeology, 1994.)

decanter stopper
glassware stem with spiral
Crystal stopper from decanter.

Glassware stem with spiral, blown-glass design. 

wine glass stem
Wine or liqueur glass stem.  The stems of this fragile glassware are found more frequently in the archaeological record than the glass punch bowls that would have held the beverage.

Wine glass stem.

pipe bowl
pipe bowl
pipe bowl

Molded pipe bowl.

Pipe bowl with a maker’s mark, “SHORT.”

Pipe bowl with molded decoration, a crown and the initials “WM.”